China, U.S. Lead World in Saltiest Processed Meats, Fish



By Robert Preidt


HealthDay Reporter

TUESDAY, Oct. 19, 2021 (HealthDay Information) — China and the US are tremendous powers of salt consumption.

The 2 world leaders emerged with the best salt ranges in processed meat and fish merchandise amongst 5 nations assessed in a brand new examine.

Excessive salt ranges in meals is a serious reason behind hypertension and its associated dangers of coronary heart and kidney ailments and dying. The World Well being Group recommends a most salt consumption of two,000 mg/day, however common international salt consumption in 2010 was about two instances larger.

The WHO has set a goal of a 30% international discount in salt consumption by 2025. Though the 5 nations on this examine have methods to scale back salt consumption, the “sodium content material of meat and fish merchandise in all the chosen nations was very excessive, with a 100 g serving measurement of meat and fish merchandise contributing to at least one half/ third of WHO beneficial most each day sodium consumption,” wrote Puhong Zhang, of the George Institute at Peking College Well being Science Middle, China, and colleagues.

Researchers examined meals diet labels of 26,500 merchandise in main grocery store chains within the nations, zeroing in on salt content material.

Total salt ranges have been highest in China (1,050 mg/100 g), adopted by the US, South Africa, Australia and the U.Ok. (432 mg/100 g), in accordance with the examine. The outcomes have been printed Oct. 18 within the on-line journal BMJ Open.

The examine additionally discovered huge variations in salt ranges inside and between the 5 nations, relying on merchandise and types.

For instance: common salt content material of meat merchandise was decrease in Australia (580 mg/100 g) than within the U.Ok. (590 mg/100 g). Salt content material of roast rooster in China was 4.5 instances larger than within the U.Ok. (893 mg/100 g vs. 197 mg/100 g). Chilled fish in China was 4.5 instances saltier than in the US however the salt content material of bacon, frozen meat, salami and cured meats, dried meat and frozen fish in China was the bottom of all 5 nations.


Continued

Processed meat merchandise included: meat alternate options; bacon; canned meat; frozen meat; meat burgers; salami and cured meats; sausages and scorching canine; sliced meat; dried meat; pate and meat spreads; kebabs; “different” meat merchandise and uncooked flavored meats. Additionally included have been complete hams and related merchandise; roast rooster; and uncooked unflavored meats.

Processed fish merchandise included canned, chilled, frozen and “different” gadgets.

“It isn’t straightforward to easily substitute or reformulate the excessive sodium merchandise that exist already for years. Nevertheless, the massive distinction in sodium content material of comparable merchandise in numerous nations, and the distinction in sodium content material amongst completely different manufacturers inside the similar nation, point out that there’s nonetheless a variety of room for salt discount,” the researchers famous in a journal information launch.


Extra data

The U.S. Meals and Drug Administration provides methods to progressively scale back salt consumption.



SOURCE: BMJ Open, information launch, Oct. 18, 2021



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