Dr. Joshua Levitt on Actual Options for Musculoskeletal Ache

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Katie: Howdy, and welcome to the “Wellness Mama Podcast.” I’m Katie from wellnessmama.com and wellnesse.com. That’s wellness with an E on the top. And this podcast is all about actual options for orthopedic and musculoskeletal ache. And I’m right here with Dr. Josh Levitt, who attracts on the science of each standard and pure medication, he’s a naturopathic physician that has a very complicated, distinctive strategy to coping with musculoskeletal ache and orthopedic ache. And he talks at the moment about his wide-ranging strategy to this and why it’s far more than simply addressing the acute ache. And he talks about how he bought began as a naturopathic physician, the sufferers he works with and his strategy to care, the foundation causes of ache, the mind-body connection that we are able to perceive by understanding issues like phantom limb ache, understanding irritation and the way it pertains to ache, and a lot extra. He’s additionally the founding father of upwellness.com, which is a brand new firm. I’ve been utilizing a few of their merchandise and actually having fun with them. And we contact loads on ache on this one, however he has experience in a whole lot of completely different areas. I believe you’ll be taught loads. So, let’s be a part of Dr. Josh. Dr. Josh, welcome. Thanks for being right here.

Josh: It’s a actual deal with to be right here. Thanks for having me.

Katie: Effectively, I’m tremendous excited to delve into your space of experience, however earlier than we get there, I’ve a word in my present notes that you’re a surfer. And I’m presently in the course of a tropical storm, which is the one time we’ve got good waves in our space. So after this podcast, I will probably be taking a few of my youngsters to go online in a hurricane. However I’ve a word that in case you had been gonna give a TED discuss, you’d speak about how browsing imitates life. So, I do know this could possibly be a subject of its personal, however are you able to simply give us a pair excessive factors there, to begin off?

Josh: Yeah, completely. Effectively, keep protected on the market, and, sure, hurricane waves are the very best waves. I do know it sounds loopy to folks, when everybody else is desirous to hunker down, surfers seize their boards and head exterior. I can completely relate to that. So have enjoyable and keep protected on the market. Yeah, completely. I imply, sooner or later, I’ll most likely form of develop a complete discuss round this topic, browsing imitating life. Oh, my gosh, there’s a lot to say, proper? In all probability probably the most frequent issues that comes up in my scientific apply is about steadiness, and browsing and surfers, I believe, are form of just like the individuals who can be accused of getting actually good steadiness, proper? It’s a balance-intensive train, and so, you already know, we discuss loads about steadiness. And I’m certain, you already know, it’s a topic that comes up, work-life steadiness, marital steadiness, you already know, all these kinds of issues in steadiness and well being and wellness and conserving your self collectively.

And so, you already know, a surfer looks as if a great particular person to speak to about that, proper? Effectively, it seems that in browsing, and I suppose it’s additionally true in life, there’s probably not something…there’s no static fastened level of steadiness, proper? Browsing is that this, like, ever motion, ever-fluid exercise that requires fixed type of evaluation of what’s occurring with the wave, together with your board, together with your physique, with the currents, and whatnot, after which readjusting. And so, the concept a surfer is at any level balanced is basically not true. As a substitute of being good at balancing, what surfers are good at is the efficient administration of imbalance, and I believe that these are two actually various things, proper?

So, when an individual’s browsing on a wave, the wave pitches, and you progress, after which it pitches the opposite means, and you progress the opposite means. And I’d argue that in life, this concept, there’s a pursuit that lots of people are on the lookout for, “I wanna discover steadiness in my marriage, steadiness in my parenting, steadiness in my work, steadiness in my life.” And I form of wanna inform folks that, like, take it from a surfer. There’s no such factor. There’s no fastened level. It’s not like one thing balancing on one thing. It’s not static. We’re speaking a few fluid factor right here that’s life and work and relationships. And so, take it from a surfer, simply discover ways to successfully handle the imbalance, and also you’ll be significantly better off, in order that’s form of like simply one of many bullet factors of my browsing imitates life discuss. And, sure, we may go on and on.

Katie: I really like that. I hope you truly do this as a chat sooner or later. And I agree with you. I’ve written about that too, that, like, steadiness is a transferring goal, and flexibility is far more necessary than discovering that fastened level usually.

Josh: Completely.

Katie: And in addition I wanna ensure that we’ve got a whole lot of time to delve into your space of experience, as a result of I believe that is one thing that impacts lots of people listening to a point, and from what I’m seeing, it’s one thing that’s on the rise as properly. However, to begin broad and form of perceive how you bought right here, I’ve a word that you just went to UCLA on a pre-med observe, and you then pivoted. So, are you able to stroll us by what prompted that change for you?

Josh: Yeah, completely. And, sure, we’ll spend the vast majority of our time on our content material, as a result of ache, I believe there’s only a few individuals who don’t find out about that, and who’ve an expertise in some kind or one other. Yeah. I used to be a kind of youngsters who simply at all times needed to be a physician. So, it simply made sense. I studied neurophysiology at UCLA, and I had the great fortune to type of, like, turn out to be pleasant with, due to parental relationships, with a whole lot of medical doctors at UCLA on the time, a lot of whom, now, we’re speaking 25-plus years in the past, a lot of whom discouraged me from medication, profession in medication that’s. They had been seeing the modifications afoot. A lot of them have truly come to move now, regarding insurance coverage corporations and large pharma and all that type of stuff. Life as a physician, as they used to realize it, wasn’t nearly as good, and they also had been saying, you already know, “I don’t know in case you wanna do that. You understand, it’s gonna simply worsen.”

So I took that recommendation and took off, for a 12 months. That is form of what lots of people name a niche 12 months. After I completed UCLA, as an alternative of happening to a graduate medical schooling, I simply took off for a 12 months, and this was me hair rising, you already know, hitchhiking and touring around the globe with a backpack, sleeping in youth hostels, sleeping on seashores, all that type of stuff. Anyway, the origin story, if you’ll, was, on this fateful flight, I used to be leaving from Israel, truly, the place I had been, and mountain climbing round, and heading to Europe, Switzerland, in reality, and I had a blister on the again of my foot simply from, you already know, a whole lot of strolling in sandals and never nice hygiene, I’ve to confess, on the time. Anyway, that blister bought contaminated, and I knew sufficient to know that this was one thing severe. As I’m flying on this airplane, my leg is pink. I’m getting a fever. It’s creeping up my leg. I had cellulitis, which is a really severe medical drawback. And so, I had the great fortune to have the ability to name in my folks again dwelling. I bought a prescription for antibiotics, known as right into a pharmacy in Zurich, Switzerland, and I hobbled my means in there in a feverish state, and took antibiotics, which saved my life, or at very least, saved my leg.

And in that pharmacy, I noticed, like you’ll nonetheless see at the moment in lots of European pharmacies and locations around the globe, all these different medicines, proper? Along with the antibiotics that I so desperately wanted on the time, I additionally noticed homeopathic medicines. I noticed natural teas, all this dietary stuff, nutritional vitamins, minerals, natural extracts and issues. And this was simply…perhaps it’s as a result of I used to be form of, like, you already know, in a febrile, hallucinating state or one thing, however this was actually, actually eye-opening to me. It’s like, wow, there’s this entire medication that’s not antibiotics and surgical procedure and all of the stuff that I knew of, and that was the start. Like, right here I’m now. It’s form of humorous to consider it this fashion. I’m, like, the naturopathic physician who bought his begin in a pharmacy the place I used to be choosing up a prescription for antibiotics, you already know, which I’m very grateful for, however it opened my eyes to a complete world of drugs that I didn’t know existed, and has since turn out to be my ardour, my profession, my life.

Katie: What a cool story. And I’ve an analogous factor, like, I positively have a tendency towards the pure facet of issues most frequently, however I additionally very firmly imagine there’s a time and a spot for Western medication. And I’ve been very grateful for the few occasions that it’s saved my life as properly. I believe that’s an necessary caveat to recollect on this dialog. So, what sort of sufferers are you seeing now in your workplace once you’re working with folks?

Josh: I’m glad that you just phrased it that means, what sort of sufferers, as a result of I at all times like to consider this. Even in distinction to the mainstream or standard medication that we’re speaking about, sure, we are able to be glad about issues which have saved our lives, saved our limbs, however there’s additionally loads to be discovered from the pitfalls in Western medication. And so, I believe the kind of affected person that I see, that’s form of like a basic query right here. So, for me, to begin with, and most significantly, my sufferers are folks first, proper? I’ve by no means seen arthritis come strolling in my workplace, though I’ve seen a whole lot of instances of it. I’ve by no means seen most cancers or thyroid illness. It’s at all times been, to date at the moment, 20-plus years and counting, an individual with arthritis, an individual with coronary heart illness, an individual with most cancers, which I believe is a very necessary distinction, and sadly usually will get misplaced in Western medication.

We’re gonna speak about orthopedics and musculoskeletal ache, and it’s so frequent. I imply, anyone who’s been in a giant factory-like orthopedic workplace can know the sensation of, like, you’re “the knee in room six,” otherwise you’re the “hip in room seven.” And that’s actually irritating to folks as a result of they really feel like they’re simply their physique half, simply their illness, simply their gland, simply their sickness. And so, yeah, the primary a part of that reply is that they’re people. They’re sufferers. They’re individuals who have issues, in lots of instances, in my world, individuals who have ache. So, a whole lot of my apply was dedicated to the care of individuals with musculoskeletal ache, however definitely not completely. After which one other type of philosophical level there’s that if a physician like myself treats folks, then I deal with the issues that these folks have, which is, once more, very completely different than Western medical specialties. I stay in Connecticut, proper down the highway from Yale. And at Yale, there’s hyper, hyper-focus on specialization, proper?

So, I’ve had, and I child you not, a affected person who had a really severe thumb drawback who went to see, not only a hand physician, however somebody who focuses on thumbs, which is form of wonderful in case you have a thumb drawback, however it’s fairly simple to really feel like that’s, the blinders are on, and all you’re being handled for is that drawback. So, my apply, although I had a reasonably vital deal with orthopedics and musculoskeletal ache, was a apply that was just like the anti-specialty, or is a apply, it’s just like the anti-specialty. No matter you bought, you’re a human. I understand how to deal with people, let’s go. And if we have to form of transfer on down the road to larger specialization, then that’s superb. However principally folks with musculoskeletal ache, and the whole lot else, too, is my reply to that one.

Katie: I really like that reply as a result of, having been a affected person that I felt like was only a prognosis when it got here to thyroid illness for a very long time, it’s actually superior to listen to a practitioner clarify it from that perspective. And it’s fascinating in the case of ache as properly, as a result of I really feel like as useful and naturopathic medication have gotten extra well-known, persons are wanting into extra root trigger approaches now. So, for example, by the top of my journey, I wasn’t only a thyroid affected person anymore. The general public I used to be working with understood the intestine connection, understood how the physique works as a complete. However it looks as if with ache, particularly with joints, there’s nonetheless perhaps, such as you stated, some blinders there, that whereas we are able to take a look at the whole-body strategy in different areas, it’s usually a temptation to go, “Oh, you’ve got a knee drawback,” and never take a look at the entire remainder of the physique, or not take a look at ache as being the entire remainder of the physique. And I’d guess that there’s nonetheless, in fact, going to be whole-body connections there. So, how do you strategy somebody who is available in with a posh case that perhaps additionally has this musculoskeletal ache, or some form of orthopedic challenge?

Josh: Yeah. And that’s an important query. I imply, you’ll be able to completely relate. Sufferers with thyroid problems are type of generally type of simply siloed into endocrinology. And, yeah, ache is a very difficult one, loads to say right here. I imply, definitely, if somebody twists their knee and tears their ACL snowboarding, they do, they’ve a knee drawback, proper? That’s fairly clear. However additionally they have ache, this mysterious sensation that we’ve got. I’d prefer to type of share one thing that everyone can relate to, and I can relate to this, not personally, however professionally, having had sufferers who’ve suffered with this. There’s this drawback that we’ve all heard of most likely earlier than, it’s intriguing, known as phantom limb ache. That is in an individual who’s an amputee, who doesn’t have a limb. Perhaps they misplaced it in an accident or harm or regardless of the case could also be, and so they nonetheless have ache in that limb, or itching or different varieties of sensations. Actually troublesome to handle.

However it provides you this very fascinating perspective once you simply give it some thought, proper? If an individual doesn’t have a foot, and their foot that they don’t have hurts, it’s fairly clear that the ache will not be within the foot, proper? It may’t be, as a result of there isn’t any foot, proper? So, right here we’ve got our skier that we simply talked about, who tore their ACL. Effectively, they’ve a knee. It’s simply form of broken proper now, and so they have this ache, not not like the ache that the phantom limb affected person has. Is the ache within the knee? Effectively, it definitely was generated by buildings within the knee, however the ache is perceived within the mind, proper? It’s actually a mind drawback, and, yeah, it has its origins in a trauma within the knee. After which the mind grabs a maintain of those alerts which are coming from a traumatized space, after which tells the particular person a narrative about it, after which there’s all these biochemical issues that occur, like irritation and muscle stress and fibrosis, and we are able to discuss all about that, in and round an space infiltrated with blood and cells to assist heal. And there’s this entire story, an emotional half.

So, ache, gosh, it’s actually one thing. And so, your query was how do I strategy a posh affected person with a ache dysfunction? Once more, it goes again to that basic philosophical standpoint. It’s an individual, proper? We have now to grasp what tales they’ve round that ache, what it means to them, what they’re afraid of. A number of occasions, there’s worry wrapped up in there. After which we’ve got to grasp vitamin, biomechanics, biochemistry, environmental medication, together with toxicity and all the kinds of issues that useful and naturopathic medical doctors speak about, occult infections, and all the opposite issues that might make one thing that’s traumatized or injured and in any other case painful much more painful. And I believe that’s truly the important thing to debate right here is there’s so many individuals who’ve exaggerated reactions, be it irritation, or ache itself, past what their harm or trauma deserves, proper? And I believe there’s a lot room for serving to and therapeutic folks in that house, in that delta.

Katie: Yeah. So, let’s go deeper on that, as a result of having had a number of joint accidents all through my life, it looks as if the mainstream mannequin of care is simply ache aid and let it get higher, until a affected person wants surgical procedure. However it feels like from what you’re saying, there’s a whole lot of issues that could possibly be performed otherwise and on completely different ranges that will actually change outcomes. So, let’s go deeper on that, and the way that could possibly be performed otherwise.

Josh: Yeah, completely. And also you’re proper. I imply, ache is taken into account now a significant signal, and, you already know, that was form of an concept that wound up form of being a giant drawback, as a result of it initiated or was a part of the initiation of the opioid disaster that we’ve got now, treating ache, managing ache, staying forward of ache, all that type of stuff. When the fact is the ache is a sign, proper? Ache is a sensation that we expertise, that our physique is telling us to alter our conduct. Essentially the most form of primitive instance I can consider of that’s, like, in case your hand begins feeling actually, actually scorching as a result of it’s near a hearth, the ache tells you that there’s one thing that should change, and that one thing is that it is advisable to transfer your hand away from the fireplace, proper? That’s nice. And that works very well. You probably have a thorn in your foot, you’ll limp to not press extra on that thorn, these kinds of issues. It’s a really primitive form of response. And but, like, there’s all these tales that get wrapped up in it, and likewise, it will get enhanced or elevated by all of those underlying baseline components like vitamin and whatnot.

So, the quick story of how…the genesis of any form of ache syndrome, I like to consider, like, you get up in the course of the night time to go use the lavatory or one thing and smash your toe towards the facet of the top desk there, toe will get crushed, proper? Some tissue will get broken within the space. Hopefully, you didn’t break a bone, however, you already know, there’s harm to the world. And it hurts. After which a complete bunch of issues begins to occur. Blood vessels opened up. Some tissue was broken. That tissue that was broken launched some chemical mediators from contained in the cells into the native bloodstream, after which the native bloodstream form of bought sense…has sensors for these form of chemical substances which are telling you that you just’ve been traumatized indirectly. And that kicks off this superior, extraordinarily complicated cascade of interactions involving cytokines and leukotrienes, prostaglandins, and issues which are all these chemical alerts that inform your immune system, basically, your white blood cells and all these cleanup cells, to say, “Hey, there’s one thing happening in that toe. Get on down there and begin to clear up the mess.”

So, that’s what occurs. The white blood cells infiltrate the world, and the cleanup crew begins. The purpose right here is that this inflammatory response, and we’ll get into irritation perhaps even in additional element as we go alongside, is a essential a part of a therapeutic response. You might have a, I consider a matrix of occasions that occurs, tissue harm, after which some ache, after which irritation, after which muscular stress across the space, some quantity of guarding, after which the therapeutic response. And irritation, which is a serious, main a part of the ache generator form of cascade, is a serious goal, the place we see extreme response based mostly on the extent of the harm, proper? So, many individuals who don’t eat properly, who’re uncovered to environmental toxins, and many others., will smash that very same toe towards the top desk and see a larger inflammatory response. And so, the extent of ache, the extent of irritation in response to an harm is straight correlated with the underlying biochemical well being of the person. So, that’s how I take into consideration these musculoskeletal pains, whether or not they come from trauma, acute harm like a ski accident, or from an autoimmune illness or a degenerative course of like arthritis, it’s all the identical.

Katie: That is smart. So, somebody with already the next diploma of irritation within the physique would have a heightened response to that acute irritation.

Josh: Completely. It doesn’t matter if it’s a mosquito chew or if it’s an ACL tear in a snowboarding harm. An individual who’s more healthy will reply in a more healthy means, with lowered ranges of irritation, a speedier therapeutic time, and many others. And that applies regardless of the trauma, whether or not it’s a degenerative arthropathy, whether or not it’s an autoimmune illness, or whether or not it’s an acute harm like a trauma.

Katie: And also you additionally stated, like, that inflammatory response I’d guess truly serves a vital function within the physique, in an acute sense, as a result of it’s releasing all of these signaling mechanisms, identical to there’s an inflammatory response post-exercise, that results in muscle progress. So that is…normally, irritation isn’t categorically a foul factor, however you’re speaking about when we’ve got this systemically power irritation that then makes all of those responses worse?

Josh: Completely. It’s both systemically power or extreme in response to trauma or an infection or harm. And the way in which I like to consider it…and, sure, you’re proper. The inflammatory response is a basic a part of type of human immunological reactions. If we didn’t have it, it will be lights out. It’s completely essential. And I believe, you already know, that is actually fascinating. Maybe you already know this, or perhaps not, that irritation, it has a Latin root phrase, like so many medical phrases. Inflammo means to set ablaze. It means fireplace. Irritation is known as after fireplace. And really very like fireplace, I imply, it’s a really aptly named course of. Fireplace is… Effectively, right here we’re, you already know, at a time when the world is burning up, particularly in California, you already know, these wildfires are so harmful. Fireplace is a large human development and basic to our survival, proper? We use it to prepare dinner. We use it to remain heat. Harnessing fireplace was one of many best achievements of humankind.

However fireplace can be extraordinarily harmful, maybe probably the most harmful forces on the planet, and so irritation may be very a lot the identical. Like, we love a candlelit dinner, but when the candle catches the curtains on fireplace, we’ve got a giant drawback, proper? So, irritation is known as after fireplace, and correctly so. It’s essential. It’s basic. It’s truly essential to our survival, however an excessive amount of is a foul deal. And an excessive amount of might be, like, a low-lying power burn occurring on a regular basis, such as you talked about, a power inflammatory state, or it may be that the comb is so dry, there’s simply a lot tinder on the market, that when one thing occurs, a trauma, an harm, a mosquito chew, it flames up like that. And so, yeah, irritation is sweet, however an excessive amount of will not be good.

Katie: After which it looks as if a whole lot of the primary line of strategy to, like an harm particularly, or to ache, is a few kind of anti-inflammatory ache medicine. However I’d guess since this isn’t addressing the foundation reason behind the opposite irritation, and there are uncomfortable side effects to a whole lot of these medication, that may, in the long run, have a destructive impact, I’d guess?

Josh: Completely. I imply, yeah, the thought of suppressing irritation, you already know, form of a superb achievement when it comes to medication, but in addition not with out threat, proper? It is a basic organic course of. I imply, you and I can each relate to this. You probably have any organic course of that’s type of been…that’s a part of form of our system and who we’re, and also you simply willy-nilly suppress that system, there’s gonna be penalties to that, proper? You may’t simply get away with that perpetually. And, sure, in fact, regardless of which means you determine to suppress irritation, whether or not it’s from prednisone or steroids like that, or from the extra frequent lessons of over-the-counter drugs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication, NSAIDs we name them, yeah, there’s gonna be a worth to pay for that. So NSAIDs are, you already know, loaded with a complete host of uncomfortable side effects, and steroids are much more highly effective anti-inflammatories which have much more highly effective uncomfortable side effects.

So, the way in which that naturopathic medical doctors like to consider that is to help the inflammatory course of, proper, moderately than suppress it. And, I believe, that’s a very large distinction between the way in which I apply medication and form of useful integrative medical doctors’ practices, help versus suppress. In fact, there’s a time for suppression. When an individual’s life is in danger or limbs are in danger, you already know, suppression might be essential. But when we take into consideration this as a hierarchical form of strategy, if there are methods to help a degenerative form of joint ache kind of syndrome, moderately than simply suppress, suppress, suppress irritation, the sufferers will virtually at all times be higher off in the long term.

Katie: That is smart. And if ache is a messenger that’s telling us one thing in our mind, versus simply an acute response in a spot within the physique, it is smart that simply suppressing that with out determining the foundation of it could possibly be very counterproductive in the long run. And in my notes, you speak about a ache matrix, and form of an alternate strategy to dealing with this, which I’m beginning to form of be capable of pull some items based mostly on what you’ve stated, however can we go into element on this, particularly for anybody who has, like, a power ache like this that they’re making an attempt to work by?

Josh: Yeah, completely. And I believe that is type of basic to the strategy. It’s one thing that developed for me over time, form of like a move chart or a course of, or perhaps a sample recognition, for me, within the workplace watching individuals who undergo, a lot of them…and simply as a broad class, we’ll name it arthritis, proper? They’ve joints that damage. It may be their neck or their shoulders or their again or their elbows, wrists, you already know, hips, knees, wherever the case could also be. They get lumped into this class known as arthritis, and once we look rigorously at these folks, there’s a type of a sample that emerges over years of caring for them on this type of naturopathic form of means. First is, there’s one thing fallacious, proper? There’s one thing fallacious with the joint. It may be that the cartilage is thinned out. It may be that there’s bone spurring within the space. It may be {that a} disc within the cervical or lumbar backbone is thinner than it’s purported to be or is bulging out in a single place or one other.

So there’s some structural integrity. Normally of people that have these sorts of issues, there’s one thing that’s structurally compromised. Fairly often, and I’d like to get into this extra later, that structural compromise is seen on X-ray or on MRI, and may be very usually the one factor that the medical doctors will inform the affected person is fallacious, proper? “Oh, we see this structural compromise. We see this bone spur. We see this disc factor. We see this joint house narrowing. There’s your drawback,” proper? So, I’m right here to inform you that that’s not at all times true. In actual fact, fairly often, it’s not true. Structural drawback is simply part of the story, as a result of, from that structural drawback is that this entire matrix, this cascade of occasions that happens. The primary, and one we began to simply scratch the floor on slightly bit, is when there’s structural issues, what does the physique do? Inflammatory response. Similar to we described earlier than, this inflow of white blood cells, and there’s an inflammatory response. A wholesome inflammatory response, it’ll be graded in line with the extent of structural trauma or structural integrity issues. But when an individual has these underlying components, the inflammatory response may be extreme. In order that’s the primary a part of the ache matrix after the structural drawback.

Structural drawback results in an inflammatory response, which could possibly be wholesome and well-controlled, or it could possibly be uncontrolled like a wildfire. After which from there, that irritation is a set off for ache. It’s, you already know, form of an excellent system. You might have a traumatized or structurally compromised space, you’ve got some irritation, you get a sign that it hurts. So that you begin limping, otherwise you begin doing different form of conduct change…postural modifications, fairly often involving muscle stress. So, within the muscle tissues adjoining to the disc, or within the muscle tissues adjoining to the shoulder the place the rotator cuff is torn, or the knee or the hip or wherever the case could also be, it’s extraordinarily frequent for folks to have extreme quantities of muscular stress within the space the place there’s a structural drawback and a few irritation. We name this splinting or guarding. We’ve all skilled it earlier than. When one thing hurts, you form of maintain on to it. Like, you don’t wanna transfer it extra, and it’s a really smart physique response, proper? And when one thing’s torn or broken, you maintain on to it tighter.

Effectively, identical to irritation, there are situations that may lead folks to carry tighter and maintain longer than they need to with that muscular stress, and if that muscular stress persists, you wind up having muscular stress as a brand new ache generator, proper? So, right here we’ve got a structurally compromised disc, some irritation within the space of the disc, now muscle stress within the muscle tissues throughout that disc, and now issues are actually beginning to damage, proper? After which, this persists, and right here we go, the final section of the matrix, is when this persists lengthy sufficient, the muscle stress cuts off blood provide, and as that blood provide is lower off, the tissue turns into, oh, gosh, extra gristly, like, much less tender. You understand, in case you consider a bit of meat, in case you eat meat, you already know, there’s tender, and we form of normally like that. After which there’s, like, powerful, and we don’t like that an excessive amount of, at the very least most individuals don’t.

And in case your muscle tissues are contracted and beneath stress, since you’re guarding them and holding for such a very long time, they’ll turn out to be powerful, and that toughness is the results of the buildup of fibrin, like a scar tissue within the space, that makes the musculature much less tender, much less juicy, if you’ll. And so, that, that I simply described, from structural compromise to irritation to muscle stress to fibrosis, that package deal is what hurts. And fairly often, once you deal with all of these different accent issues, particularly the irritation, muscle stress, and fibrosis, the structural drawback, it doesn’t matter a lot anymore. It’s not as large of a deal.

Katie: That is smart. And you may right me if I’m fallacious on this, however I’ve heard that the structural factor doesn’t at all times essentially line up with the ache response in somebody who’s in any other case wholesome as properly. Like, for example, I’ve heard of instances, folks having a bulging disc or ruptured disc and never experiencing any ache. Whereas conversely, they’ve a minor challenge and be experiencing an incredible quantity of ache.

Josh: You’re 100% proper. It’s simply wonderful to me, Katie, that extra medical doctors don’t perceive this, or don’t even ask themselves that quite simple query that you just simply raised. Take a working example. Right here’s an individual. I simply had a case like this final week. He has again ache. You understand, it didn’t go away. He went to a physician. He bought an MRI. And the MRI confirmed that he had a bulging disc, disc herniation in between L5 and S1 in his case. After which, he did some stuff. He did some PT. You understand, perhaps he took some medicine, no matter it was. It’s irrelevant. He did some stuff for a number of weeks, and he bought higher. So now his again doesn’t damage anymore. So, if…we’ll do a theoretical right here…we had been to shoot the MRI once more, he nonetheless has a disc herniation. So, you already know, he simply doesn’t have the ache anymore. And that is extraordinarily frequent. So, this has been properly studied. Your level is well-taken, and also you’re completely spot-on on this one.

The presence of imaging abnormalities, like arthritic modifications, joint house narrowing, disc bulges, degenerative modifications of any type, don’t correlate with a stage of ache. There’s a number of folks on the market who’ve all types of badness and yucky-looking stuff on MRIs, and so they really feel superb. And there’s all types of people that have horrible ache whose MRIs and X-rays look regular. So we can’t correlate imaging findings, X-ray, MRI, CT scan, to a scientific syndrome. It simply doesn’t work, and the explanation why is the ache matrix that I simply described. It’s not at all times…I don’t wanna say that the structural factor is irrelevant, as a result of it’s there. It’s an actual factor. There’s not purported to be a disc herniation. However, if there’s extreme irritation, muscle stress, fibrosis in and round that space, that’s the distinction between that disc herniation hurting and never hurting. And that’s probably the most progressive ache management form of protocol on the market proper now, is to disregard the imaging findings. They don’t matter as a lot as most individuals assume they do.

Katie: So, with that extra complete understanding of ache, what’s your strategy to treating that in a form of a whole-person strategy, versus simply that acute trauma of the ache?

Josh: Yeah. So, and I believe speaking in regards to the power stuff is extra related. And I’ll begin truly by going again to one thing that we stated earlier than, which was in regards to the expertise of the ache itself and the tales that we inform ourselves. You understand, we had been simply speaking about how poorly imaging findings, X-rays and MRIs, correlate with ache, proper? However there are tons and much of people that get advised by their radiologist or their orthopedist, and even proven these photos, proper? They are saying, “Hey, look right here. You may see. See the way it’s bulging out proper there. That’s an issue. See how that is asymmetrical, and there’s a narrowing over right here.” And sufferers fairly often have this picture. They’re not radiologists, they don’t know what they’re taking a look at, however they’ve a picture seared into their mind by a physician, you already know, an authority determine, telling them that they’re damaged. That’s what that story actually is telling them.

In actual fact, the affected person I simply advised you about was proven an image of an MRI with a bulging disc, and in his thoughts, he’s listening to this story from a radiologist, “Oh, your disc is bulging.” What he’s listening to and internalizing is that, “I’m damaged, that my again is degenerated, that I’m a multitude,” proper? “I’m falling aside.” And that may be a very unlucky casualty of that dialog. So, one of many first issues that I begin with is by telling folks, “Look, you’re not damaged. There’s tons of people that have disc herniations like that, and so they really feel completely superb. In actual fact, you’re gonna really feel completely superb in only a couple weeks, and also you’re nonetheless gonna have that disc herniation. So, you’re not damaged. You’re simply hurting. So let’s begin there,” proper? And that comes, you already know, as an important aid to lots of people who actually really feel now that they’re damaged, in order that they should be cautious, they’ll’t run anymore, they’ll’t bike anymore, they’ll’t elevate up their youngsters or one thing like that, for worry that their damaged again is gonna actually turn out to be, you already know, an even bigger drawback. I believe Western medication, mainstream medication does an enormous disservice to sufferers form of unintentionally, by telling them or implying that they’re broken, and it’s unlucky that that occurs. So, we begin there, attempt to, you already know, reverse that story, to alter the channel, so to talk.

After which, there’s this entire world of choices that turn out to be accessible to folks, relying on the uniquenesses and the specifics of their very own case, that may, one, help the well being of the broken connective tissues. So, these are issues that you already know about, Katie. These are issues that, like, are collagen, you already know, a whole lot of these connective tissues like cartilage have collagen at their base, and are shaped of compounds that you just’ve heard of earlier than, like glucosamine sulfate and chondroitin sulfate and methylsulfonylmethane, all these sulfur-containing amino acids which are a part of the matrix, the fairly literal matrix of what we’re constructed out of. So, we use issues within the pure medication world or within the dietary world to assist enhance the integrity of connective tissue, as a result of virtually at all times, whether or not it’s a disc or a bone or a muscle or a ligament or a tendon with connective tissue integrity issues, we attempt to help that integrity. In order that’s primary.

Quantity two is we attempt to help that inflammatory course of, lower the quantity of extreme irritation, with out suppressing irritation, however simply supporting it. So which means dietary modifications. We are able to get deeper on that if we…you already know, there’s a lot. It’s mainly the whole lot, actually, vitamin and way of life, that’s the distinction between a wholesome inflammatory response and an extreme one. So we go down that highway with vitamin and dietary modifications, and natural medicines as applicable. After which if there’s muscle stress concerned, I prefer to work on that as properly. And that may be labored on additionally nutritionally and biomechanically, postural re-education, bodily remedy, power, stretching, strengthening, set off level launch work, all these handbook issues that may be performed, a lot of them with my very own palms. After which relying on the chronicity, like how lengthy the issue has been happening, and whether or not or not there’s proof of this scarification, you already know, particularly in previous accidents, we attempt to do what we are able to to interrupt up that fibrosis that’s form of the scar tissue, that toughness in a muscle or gentle tissues round an affected joint. And that’s the package deal.

Katie: And, yeah, it looks as if a way more complete strategy that will have constructive ripples. I imply, the thought of irritation and out-of-control irritation being a root of many issues has come up on this podcast fairly a bit. It makes full sense that it will have a tie-over into ache, and the plus facet right here being addressing all of these components, even in case you’re simply motivated initially by this acute ache, is gonna have such constructive spillover into so many different areas of life. Like, I really feel like altering that inflammatory response and getting it in a wholesome vary is gonna assist sleep, it’s gonna assist stress, it’s gonna assist digestion. Like, in fact, we all know the entire physique is related.

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There’s lots of people on the market, particularly in the case of ache, I’m seeing lots of people utilizing various kinds of biohacking and stepping into a few of these, like, extra obscure, or simply form of fringe concepts that I believe… My take is at all times there’s a time and a spot for lots of these issues, however I at all times like to inform folks, too, I believe 80% of it’s the belongings you’re doing day by day, small habits, issues which are free, your sleep, your stress, your meals, your motion. However I do additionally assume there is usually a time and a spot for these. However I’m curious your tackle that, as a result of a whole lot of these do appear to line up with musculoskeletal or bodily efficiency. So, do you utilize any of these therapies, and in that case, how?

Josh: Yeah. I respect this query, and it’s an important one. And it’s virtually controversial slightly bit. I do know that world very properly, like, the well being and wellness world, you already know, and the attraction to the brand new…you utilize the phrase fringe. You understand, the “progressive” may be…you already know, we love shiny new objects on this nation, and that’s definitely no completely different on this planet of orthopedics and musculoskeletal ache. We additionally should do not forget that ache is a big motivator. Like, folks hate ache. They don’t wanna be in ache, and so they’ll do something. They’ll spend some huge cash, they’ll do all types of loopy stuff to attempt to get out of ache. I believe it’s true that…you utilize the phrase “biohacker,” which is sort of a complete group, a complete universe, actually, progressive medical stuff, may be very seductive, as a result of it makes these wild guarantees about this new science of injecting this or that.

And I fully agree with you. I imply, I consider…and I’m gonna use slightly allegory right here for a minute. If there’s a fly buzzing round in our kitchen, there’s a whole lot of completely different choices that we’ve got for that. And me, and I believe you may be comparable, I prefer to attempt to, like, open up the window and see if I can get him out. You understand, I don’t just like the fly being in there. It’s an issue that I’ve, however I’m gonna attempt to use, like, a peaceable resolution. And it generally works. There’s some dangers to it. It may be slightly more durable. After which, I would step it as much as, like, the rolled-up newspaper or the fly swatter, after which I would step it up, though I most likely wouldn’t, only for the sake of my metaphor right here, to, like, a chemical spray, like Raid or one thing. You may spray that across the kitchen and kill it. After which, if it’s nonetheless not going away, we may pull out, like, a flamethrower, proper?

And the thought right here is that, like, there’s growing ranges of drive that could possibly be used to deal with an issue, on this case, the fly drawback. I just like the least drive. That’s the way in which I love to do it. And if that doesn’t work, we step it up. And with every growing stage of drive, there’s growing ranges of toxicity or trauma to the kitchen, proper? Like, you pull out the flamethrower, there’s gonna be a giant mess. You’ll kill the fly actually successfully. And in orthopedics, we’ve got this on a regular basis, proper? We love surgical procedure. We love injections. We love prolotherapy, PRP, Lipogems, all of latest fancy stuff. And people might be nice, however they’re form of up in that increased class, nearer to a flamethrower. So, if the case permits for it, there’s time, it’s not that extreme, then we begin with the light stuff, the dietary modifications, the life-style modifications, posture, biomechanics, therapeutic massage, dietary remedy, natural remedy. That’s the opening the door or the window. After which we go up from there. And, yeah, there may be a time the place we want medicine or an injection of some type, and that is the place that biohacking universe begins up.

We had prolotherapy was one of many early introductions, which was the injection of sugar molecules to assist spur or improve the expansion of cartilage cells. After which that developed, and lots of people now are doing PRP, platelet-rich plasma injections, the place we extract the platelets, which have progress components in there, form of a one-up to the previous prolotherapy. After which up from there, we’ve got a bunch of fancy new peptides which are accessible, or the extraction of fats, and injecting that into joints.

And also you requested am I into that. Yeah. I’m into all of that. I believe that stuff is wonderful, and it’s superior, particularly if it comes earlier than the subsequent big-ticket intervention, like, for instance, a joint alternative. However in case you’re asking am I into that, like, proper out the gates? Completely not. I share your ideas. I wanna work with the open the door for the fly strategy first, dietary, natural, dietary, and form of work my means up that ladder, up that hierarchy. And so long as remedies are protected, and protected is each protected to the affected person, in fact, and likewise protected to their pocketbook… I believe there’s some huge cash to be made in a whole lot of these fancy interventions, too. So, “protected,” I’d use the time period very broadly. But when it’s affordable intervention, and it’s protected for the particular person, and may be efficient earlier than pulling out the flamethrower, then yeah, let’s go, you already know. In order that’s the place I’m at with biohacking and novel progressive therapies.

Katie: Yeah. It looks as if an necessary form of development of the depth of therapies there. That was an important analogy. And I’ve at all times heard it stated that folks solely change when the ache of staying the identical turns into larger than the ache of adjusting, and on this case, speaking about precise ache, it’s an exquisite trainer, to your level. And so, I’d guess for lots of people, you get to see them in an fascinating level the place they’re hitting that threshold of it’s now extra painful to remain the identical, they’re prepared to alter, and also you’re in a position to then educate about the entire methods wherein they’ll do this, that even when they find yourself needing sooner or later a kind of extra superior issues like surgical procedure, hopefully not, however their physique is gonna most likely be in a significantly better state to deal with surgical procedure, or deal with no matter they want sooner or later, than if they’d not addressed these issues. As a result of as you had been speaking about this, I’m imagining, you already know, if somebody’s having…we’ve talked in regards to the inflammatory connection right here and all of the layers of this. If somebody is in that state, going by surgical procedure is one other stress on the physique, is creating extra irritation and tissue harm within the physique, so their restoration from that may be fairly troublesome in the event that they haven’t addressed these different components.

Josh: Yeah, completely. It was so eloquent the way in which you simply described that, Katie. It’s so true. That’s the place persons are, proper? That’s the precipice that they’re on, “This drawback that I’ve is now not acceptable to me.” They usually’re prepared to do one thing about it, proper? And I believe the aim of the doctor, I imply, definitely, it’s not a means I’ve ever actually considered my job, however it’s, to type of assess, like, “All proper. Like, how problematic is that this? What are you prepared to do? What modifications are you prepared to make?” It’s definitely a dialogue that we at all times have, like, how a lot do you want your present food plan? How a lot do you want your present inactive way of life? Or, in some instances, how a lot do you want that working that you just do, that’s simply messing up your knee? And I’ve had numerous folks that I’ve needed to say, you already know, “I believe it may be time to modify to a bicycle.” And it’s brutal. It’s a brutal actuality examine for them to should assess, like, “Yeah. I’m on a precipice proper right here. I can’t cope with this hip state of affairs anymore. I’ve to make a change.”

And, yeah, for some folks, which means I’m able to have a surgeon lower me open and take my previous hip out and put a brand new one in. However there’s many…I’d say not…I don’t know if I wanna say most. In my apply, I’d say, you already know, a major majority of individuals can enhance their ache state, musculoskeletal ache, fairly dramatically with out resorting to the flamethrowers of the world. And that’s been…gosh, I imply, how far more gratifying may a profession be, to have the ability to assist folks keep away from these form of costly, scary interventions, and as an alternative use pure therapies? And, yeah, it’s unlucky that we’ve got to… It’s. It’s very arduous to get folks to alter till there’s some motive that just about forces them. And, yeah, truly, in a whole lot of methods, makes my job simpler, proper? Right here they’re. They’re able to go, you already know. So I simply assist usher them alongside that path.

Katie: And I’m certain it’s refreshing for them to work with somebody who will not be making an attempt to push them into the high-ticket, costly, and considerably drastic choices, but in addition deal with these root causes first. And I additionally assume, if we are able to shift…since you talked about the mindset a few occasions. I believe if we shift our mindset, we are able to have excessive gratitude when there’s ache, as a result of it’s an unbelievable trainer, and it will get our consideration, and we are able to be taught a lesson, and hopefully, we do, in a means that has constructive results. Going ahead, I do know for me, I’ll, like, get susceptible for a second. Just a few months in the past, I ended up, by a mix of unusual and strange components, getting rhabdo. Which isn’t a factor that will usually have occurred to me, however I had had blood loss after which a collection of issues that form of compounded, and I bought rhabdo. And the ache of that was sufficient to get my consideration. And positively, I used to be in a position to deal with some issues by that have and be taught classes about not pushing myself too arduous in sure areas, which had been necessary to be taught.

However I believe if we reframe it, like, any form of ache, even emotional ache, there’s a whole lot of metaphors there, turns into an important trainer if we let it. And if we don’t resist it, if we let it train us, after which combine these habits and transfer ahead, and even for somebody who perhaps doesn’t have a bulging disc or an ACL tear, and isn’t in acute ache, all of those belongings you’ve talked about, I’d guess, additionally enhance our resilience if we’re injured or if we encounter ache, as a result of if we deal with all these items beforehand, it will seem to be we are able to deal with these issues higher in the event that they happen. Is that your expertise as properly?

Josh: Yeah, completely. I imply, first, to your factor, and we gained’t spend any extra time on it aside from me to say I hope it was a speedy and full restoration for you. It looks as if you’re doing simply superb. So I hope that’s true. Yeah. The expertise of ache is a good trainer certainly, and I believe that we stay in a world, society, definitely within the healthcare universe, the place we wanna simply suppress it. We would like nothing to do with it, proper? We wanna keep forward of it so to talk, medicate it away, and we’re dropping loads once we do this. Now, in fact, the ache is uncomfortable, proper? It’s uncomfortable for a motive, and when an individual is ready to type of take a pair deep breaths and form of go lean into that ache, that is what a whole lot of the mindfulness work spearheaded by Jon Kabat-Zinn and so many others, you already know, about utilizing cognitive conduct remedy and mindfulness as pertains to ache, might be wonderful, highly effective instruments that don’t contain any change, you already know, in vitamin, however have radical influence on the biochemistry and the entire type of neurochemistry of ache.

And completely, I believe, we have to take it for what it’s value. You understand, completely, if it’s disabling or incapacitating, there’s instruments that we’ve got and we must always be glad about to assist handle that. However, sure, it’s certainly a lesson, a trainer, and there’s at all times, and I’d say at all times, I imply, we don’t get to say that too usually in medication, tales that we’ve got which are borne of our personal experiences, that inform what our expertise is of that ache. And so, if, you already know, your life historical past tells a sure story, and you then come up towards some form of ache, you’ll take that ache expertise, and it’ll turn out to be a part of your story. And that may make it damage roughly, relying on what your background is and what tales you’re telling your self about it. And so, I believe that as a part of a complete type of naturopathic administration to a ache syndrome, whether or not it’s a power drawback or an acute drawback, is that the evaluation of that story, and making an attempt to assist folks discover methods to reframe it in a means that makes it a constructive expertise for them finally.

Katie: I really like that. And as we get near the top of our time, a number of questions I like to ask, the primary being if there’s a e book or a variety of books which have had a profound influence in your life, and in that case, what they’re and why?

Josh: Yeah. I do know your type with this query, and I really like this query. And my reply is a e book known as “Ferdinand the Bull.” And that may be a child’s e book that I’ve a number of copies of. It was my favourite e book as a toddler, and it stays my favourite e book as an grownup. It’s the story of Ferdinand the bull, who bought stung by a bee. Discuss ache. And it was proper at a time when all of the bullfight crew was coming in from Madrid to evaluate the bulls within the pasture, who was the most important, fiercest bull. He will get stung by a bee. He jumps up, he runs round loopy, and so they say, “Oh, we discovered our bull.” They usually deliver Ferdinand the bull to go struggle within the bullfights in Madrid, and all he ever desires to do is simply sit down in the course of the ring like he at all times did out within the pasture, and odor the flowers. He’s a peaceable, sort bull. He doesn’t wanna struggle. And that’s at all times been my favourite e book, and it stays my favourite e book to today. It’s nearly, I don’t know, peace, smelling flowers, and non-violence. I simply love “Ferdinand the Bull.” So I respect the query and the reminiscences it evokes.

Katie: I really like that. That’s a brand new advice. I’ll put a hyperlink within the present notes for anybody who isn’t acquainted. And the place can folks discover you to continue learning about your strategy and/or work with you in case you are taking new sufferers?

Josh: Thanks. Yeah. So, my apply, and proper now my apply is…I’m a busy particular person, so my apply is full to new sufferers in the mean time. That may at all times change, relying on all kinds of various skilled and private life issues. My apply is right here in Hamden, Connecticut, and we’ve got 5 different medical doctors there as properly. That’s a apply known as Complete Well being in Hamden, Connecticut. And the web site for our apply is wholehealthct.com. You’ll see me there. I’m nonetheless there. I simply am at this actual second not accepting new sufferers proper now. I additionally am the medical director of an organization known as UpWellness, which is discovered at upwellness.com, U-P-W-E-L-L-N-E-S-S.com, UpWellness. And the emblem of UpWellness is a wave. I advised you at the start I’m a surfer, and upwelling… That is an fascinating little facet word for you. UpWellness is the title of our firm, and our tagline is known as “Nutrient-Wealthy Residing.”

So, any surfer can relate to this, or anybody who’s swum within the ocean or a big physique of water. There’s this phenomena the place you hit a chilly patch, and a chilly patch is an upwelling, the place there’s this upwelling of chilly, nutrient-dense water from beneath, that replaces the nutrient-depleted water above, the place all of the organic exercise is, from the solar and the fish and whatnot. And so, that higher layer of water will get depleted, after which currents and whatnot will trigger this infusion from beneath of chilly water, and we expertise that as a chilly patch. However it’s additionally a nutrient-rich infusion, so therefore the title of our firm, UpWellness, “Nutrient-Wealthy Residing,” and upwellness.com is the place folks will discover all of the merchandise that we create that assist folks with musculoskeletal ache and all method of different completely different issues, natural, dietary merchandise that me and my spouse Amanda Levitt, who’s additionally a naturopathic physician, formulated ourselves. So, that’s at upwellness.com.

Katie: I really like that. I’ll put that hyperlink as properly. I had a few of your merchandise in my espresso this morning. It was scrumptious.

Josh: Nice.

Katie: I’ll ensure that folks can discover these. And any parting recommendation to go away with the viewers at the moment?

Josh: Oh, gosh, you already know, we’re…I believe, form of my tagline that I train to my youngsters that I attempt to, you already know, most likely train to myself as a lot as anyone, is simply to be sort to one another. We’re in a very difficult time, you already know, and I don’t wanna get into it, all of the division that’s on the market. However I believe that there’s just a few basic guidelines, and kindness might be on the high of that checklist that might assist a whole lot of us, you already know, get alongside higher and resolve a few of the nice world issues if we simply saved kindness on the entrance of our minds. And past that, there’s one different factor, and I’ll share this with you, too, is that I’d encourage folks to search for methods to seek out awe, A-W-E, you already know, once more, a surfer phrase. We use the phrase superior, proper, after which surfers perhaps co-opted that phrase to explain waves, or maneuvers on waves.

However superior is one thing that, you already know, makes us really feel small, makes us really feel humble, makes us understand that the world is that this greater place that we’re part of. It’s the oneness. And it seems, closing notes right here, that scientists have studied all these completely different constructive feelings, and it seems that awe is an anti-inflammatory. When you expertise awe, it reduces ranges of IL-6 within the bloodstream greater than different constructive feelings, together with issues like pleasure and contentment and different constructive feelings. Awe is probably the most highly effective constructive emotion when it comes to anti-inflammatory results. So, be sort, and be superior.

Katie: I really like that tidbit. That’s actually nice to find out about awe, and I’d guess others like gratitude and pleasure are nonetheless useful. However that’s actually cool that they’ve truly studied that.

Josh: Yeah. They’ve. They studied that at Berkeley. Yeah. They usually’re all useful, for certain, like gratitude, love, pleasure, all clearly useful, however once you take a look at IL-6 ranges, that is what they determined to evaluate, awe works the very best. So go discover one thing superior.

Katie: And that brings us full circle to our place to begin with browsing, and I positively discovered loads at the moment. I’m grateful for the work that you just do. I do know we didn’t even get to actually delve into your merchandise that a lot, however I’ll put a hyperlink within the present notes. I’m a giant fan, so I’ll put a hyperlink, folks can discover these. All the things we talked about will probably be at wellnessmama.fm. And Dr. Josh, thanks a lot in your time at the moment.

Josh: It was an actual pleasure, Katie. Thanks.

Katie: And thanks as at all times to you guys for listening and sharing your most dear sources, your time, vitality, and a spotlight with us at the moment. We’re each so grateful that you just did, and I hope that you’ll be a part of me once more on the subsequent episode of the “Wellness Mama Podcast.”

When you’re having fun with these interviews, would you please take two minutes to go away a ranking or assessment on iTunes for me? Doing this helps extra folks to seek out the podcast, which suggests much more mothers and households may gain advantage from the data. I actually respect your time, and thanks as at all times for listening.

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