Preharvest Use of Glyphosate Poisons Children' Meals

This text was beforehand revealed September 4, 2018, and has been up to date with new data.

Glyphosate-based herbicides like Roundup are probably the most closely used agricultural chemical substances of all time, with 1.76 million tons being utilized to U.S. fields alone between 1974 — when glyphosate was first authorized — and 2014.1

By the top of 2021, glyphosate utilization had expanded a lot that worldwide glyphosate gross sales have been forecasted to succeed in $4.95 billion by 2025.2 Paradoxically, in early 2022 some farmers wish to develop various, non-herbicide weed-control measures attributable to an expanded market and pandemic- and hurricane-related provide issues which have triggered provide shortages and pushed up the price of glyphosate.3

Because the recognition of this herbicide was constructed on reckless deceit,4 and there is actually no telling how many individuals all over the world have paid for Monsanto’s lies with their lives, it appears fairly karmic that the COVID-19 pandemic, of all issues, is what’s driving farmers to farm extra organically.

In August 2018, a jury ordered Monsanto to pay $289 million in damages to Dewayne Johnson,5,6,7,8 who developed a deadly type of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma following heavy publicity to Roundup throughout his work as a groundskeeper. The proof introduced forth in court docket was in depth and terribly damning, clearly exhibiting Monsanto — now owned by Bayer — acted with malice.

The jury determined Monsanto knew Roundup was poisonous and triggered most cancers, but hid that reality from regulators and the general public, fabricating proof on the contrary and suppressing analysis exhibiting hurt. A California appeals court docket later lowered the award to $20.5 million9 and in 2021 Bayer determined to not take that court docket’s choice to the U.S. Supreme Court docket, letting the ultimate award stand10 You may evaluate key paperwork from this case on the U.S. Proper to Know web site.11,12

It’s also possible to learn “Spinning Science & Silencing Scientists: A Case Examine in How the Chemical Business Makes an attempt to Affect Science,”13 a report ready for U.S. Home members of the Committee on Science, House and Know-how, which particulars a number of the most essential items of proof.

‘Nothing In need of a Cowl-Up’

In a 2018 Highwire interview,14 Robert F. Kennedy Jr. and Brent Wisner, legal professionals for a few of these instances, stated different illness classes might finally be added to the rising mountain of lawsuits towards Monsanto, as proof prompt glyphosate and/or Roundup can also be linked to liver most cancers, mind tumors and well being issues related to endocrine disruption.

“We have tons of of paperwork, much more damning than these, exhibiting completely definitive misconduct” of Monsanto hiding Roundup’s threat to the general public, Wisner instructed Bigtree. Since then, greater than 5,000 extra plaintiffs shortly lined up for their very own day in court docket,15 all alleging Roundup publicity triggered their Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

The instances quickly started plodding by means of the courts, with one other plaintiff, Edwin Hardeman, successful an $80 million judgment.16 Hardeman filed his case in 2016; his ruling got here in 2019. When Bayer-Monsanto appealed the decision, a federal court docket dominated towards them, awarding Hardeman a bit over $25 million after lowering the primary jury’s punitive damages from $75 million to $20 million.17

With greater than 25,000 instances pending by November 2021,18 Bayer requested the SCOTUS to evaluate Hardeman’s case.19 Reasonably than simply agreeing to listen to the case, in December 2021, the SCOTUS deferred, and requested President Biden’s administration to assist them determine whether or not they need to hear it. Paradoxically, Monsanto-Bayer continues to be sustaining their product is protected, and their angle drew the ire of environmental journalist Dave Dickey, who wrote in a February 2022 commentary:20

“In March 2015 U.S District Decide for the Northern District of California allowed public launch of inside Monsanto paperwork exhibiting how Monsanto influenced EPA to reclassify glyphosate from a Class C carcinogen to a Class E class which paved the best way for glyphosate Roundup manufacturing.

It was nothing in need of a cover-up that put greed forward of public security. And now mockingly we study the cover-up could have included Monsanto’s personal buyers … [who] are saying the German agri-giant performed quick and unfastened with the information, deceptive them on 1) the security of glyphosate and Roundup; 2) Bayer’s efforts at due diligence; and three) the authorized dangers within the acquisition of Monsanto …

Given all we already know Roundup and glyphosate ought to haven’t been unleashed on the world. However how corporations like Monsanto are prepared to go to nearly any size – together with duping its personal buyers — is a brand new low.”

On its web site, Bayer has now posted a five-point plan to finish the litigation,21 claiming the SCOTUS has “robust authorized arguments” to rule within the firm’s favor. And once more, Monsanto-Bayer steadfastly insists not solely that “glyphosate-based herbicides can be utilized safely and usually are not carcinogenic,” however that “a most cancers warning could be false and deceptive and misbrand the product.”

Glyphosate Present in Frequent Breakfast Meals and Snacks

Sadly, by 2018 the identical chemical proven to trigger Johnson’s deadly illness was additionally exhibiting up within the meals provide at doubtlessly unsafe ranges. The Environmental Working Group (EWG) commissioned impartial laboratory assessments to find out how a lot glyphosate is lurking within the U.S. meals provide.

Whereas the U.S. Meals and Drug Administration has been testing meals for glyphosate, and assessments reportedly revealed “a good quantity” of residues, their findings haven’t but been made public.22

Actually, the USDA would not even take a look at for glyphosate in a number of the meals most identified for glyphosate contamination, resembling oats and chickpeas.23 However EWG’s testing in 2018 revealed 43 out of 45 meals merchandise made with conventionally grown oats examined optimistic for glyphosate, 31 of which had glyphosate ranges larger than EWG scientists consider could be protecting of kids’s well being.

Examples of meals with detectable ranges of glyphosate included Quaker Dinosaur Eggs on the spot oatmeal, Cheerios cereal, Nature Valley granola bars, Quaker metal minimize oats and Again to Nature Traditional Granola.

Additional, of 16 natural oat meals examined, 5 contained glyphosate, though at ranges beneath EWG’s well being benchmark of 160 elements per billion (ppb). In 2016, assessments24 performed by the nonprofit organizations Meals Democracy Now! and The Detox Undertaking additionally discovered glyphosate residues in a wide range of meals together with Doritos, Oreos and Stacy’s Pita Chips.

Glyphosate has even been detected in PediaSure Enteral System dietary drink, which is given to infants and youngsters through feeding tubes. Thirty % of the samples examined contained ranges of glyphosate over 75 ppb — far larger ranges than have been discovered to destroy intestine micro organism in chickens (0.1 ppb).25

Kids Probably Ingest Unsafe Ranges of Glyphosate From Meals

Publicity to glyphosate and glyphosate-based herbicide formulations, even at low ranges, has been linked to a wide range of well being dangers. For example, one research discovered that day by day publicity to ultra-low ranges of glyphosate for 2 years led to nonalcoholic fatty liver illness in rats,26 whereas the Worldwide Company for Analysis on Most cancers (IARC) decided that glyphosate is a “possible human carcinogen” in 2015.

As of July 2017, California’s Environmental Safety Company’s Workplace of Environmental Well being Hazard Evaluation (OEHHA) additionally listed glyphosate as a chemical identified to trigger most cancers beneath Proposition 65, which requires shopper merchandise with potential cancer-causing substances to bear warning labels. Based on EWG:27

“OEHHA has proposed a so-called No Important Danger Degree for glyphosate of 1.1 milligrams per day for a mean grownup of about 154 kilos. That degree of publicity is greater than 60 instances decrease than the security degree set by the Environmental Safety Company.”

Publicity to glyphosate at OEHHA’s threat degree would current an elevated lifetime threat of most cancers of 1 in 100,000 for an grownup, however EWG factors out that a further tenfold margin of security could also be obligatory to guard these most susceptible, like youngsters and fetuses. Utilizing this technique, just about all the meals examined by EWG could possibly be damaging to human well being:28

“With this extra youngsters’s well being security issue, EWG calculated {that a} 1-in-a-million most cancers threat could be posed by ingestion of 0.01 milligrams of glyphosate per day. To succeed in this most dose, one would solely must eat a single 60-gram serving of meals with a glyphosate degree of 160 elements per billion, or ppb.

Nearly all of samples of standard oat merchandise from EWG’s research exceeded 160ppb, that means {that a} single serving of these merchandise would exceed EWG’s well being benchmark …

The EPA has calculated that 1- to 2-year-old youngsters are prone to have the very best [glyphosate] publicity, at a degree twice higher than California’s No Important Danger Degree and 230 instances EWG’s well being benchmark.”

Why so A lot Glyphosate within the Meals Provide?

A lot of the greater than 280 million kilos of glyphosate sprayed on American crop fields every year29 are used on genetically engineered (GE) crops30 like Roundup-ready corn and soybeans, that are designed to resist the chemical’s in any other case deadly results.

Nonetheless, whereas selecting non-GMO meals would look like a great way to cut back your publicity to glyphosate, some grains, even when they are not GE, will be closely contaminated with glyphosate. The explanation for it is because the chemical can also be used as a desiccant and/or preharvest remedy to hurry ripening.

Primarily, by spraying glyphosate on the grain proper earlier than harvest, it dries (desiccates) the grain, making it simpler to reap. Desiccation can also be used to enhance earnings, as farmers are penalized when the grain incorporates moisture. The higher the moisture content material of the grain at sale, the decrease the worth they get.

Whereas GMOs have been thought-about probably the most closely contaminated, because the glyphosate is inside every cell of the GE plant, the preharvest utility of glyphosate on non-GMO grains seems to be the first cause for why glyphosate is now present in just about all meals examined.

It is also present in air,31 rain, groundwater and soils,32 municipal water provides,33 and urine.34 An impartial research even discovered it in vaccines, together with pneumococcal, Tdap, hepatitis B (which is injected on the day of beginning), influenza and MMR.35

The MMR vaccine had the very best quantities at 2.671 ppb. But, when the investigating group, Mothers Throughout America, requested the CDC and FDA to examine into their findings with their very own assessments, they obtained a response with 50% of the pages redacted or clean.36

GMO and Non-GMO Grains Closely Contaminated With Glyphosate

Based on a 2017 research37 by College of California San Diego College of Medication researchers, “The herbicide Roundup is sprayed onto genetically modified crops and utilized as a desiccant to most small nongenetically modified grains.”

So, whether or not we’re speaking about Roundup Prepared GE crops or standard, non-GE grains, glyphosate, the energetic ingredient in Roundup, “is present in these crops at harvest.” In a press release, a spokesperson for Quaker acknowledged that glyphosate is usually used preharvest:38

“Glyphosate is usually utilized by farmers throughout the trade who apply it preharvest. As soon as the oats are transported to us, we put them by means of our rigorous course of that completely cleanses them (dehulled, cleaned, roasted and flaked).

Any ranges of glyphosate which will stay are considerably beneath any limits and effectively inside compliance of the security requirements set by the Environmental Safety Company (EPA) and the European Fee as protected for human consumption.”

Nonetheless, EWG’s testing revealed one pattern of Quaker oats with 1,300 ppb of glyphosate, and one other with 1,100 ppb. Together with wheat and oats, different crops which can be generally desiccated with glyphosate embrace:



Non-GE soybeans

Non-GE corn


Rye and buckwheat




Sugar beets



Why Do Farmers Use Glyphosate Preharvest?

Contemplating the toxicity of glyphosate and Roundup, utilizing both as a desiccant is an unconscionable alternative. As famous in a current Producer article:39

“Cereals Canada and different trade teams have warned farmers that glyphosate is beneath elevated scrutiny. Due to this fact, when producers use glyphosate as a harvest assist, they have to fastidiously adhere to label tips to forestall unacceptably excessive residue ranges within the grain.

When agronomists are requested about utilizing glyphosate as a desiccant, the usual response is: ‘glyphosate shouldn’t be a desiccant,’ which is tactful manner of claiming, ‘if a producer plans to desiccate, he ought to use an precise desiccant.'”

The Monsanto pamphlet “Preharvest Staging Information”40 notes Roundup formulation “shouldn’t be used as a desiccant,” as Roundup model herbicides “work slower than a desiccant.” Actual Agriculture has additionally famous that “glyphosate shouldn’t be a desiccant,” doing “little or no to extend dry-down charges.”41 But, some farmers proceed to make use of it to assist velocity up their wheat, barley and oats harvests, regardless that it isn’t registered as a desiccant.42

General, the appliance of glyphosate “will solely velocity up harvest by a number of days,” Actual Agriculture states. Nonetheless, making use of glyphosate preharvest is a typical observe to boost ripening and a few could use it as a desiccant anyway.43 Improper timing can also contribute to contamination.

As defined by Michigan State College Extension in “Preharvest Choices for Soybeans,”44 it is essential to make it possible for all pods have misplaced all inexperienced shade earlier than utilizing Roundup for desiccating. Moreover, the “Preharvest purposes of glyphosate usually are not really useful for soybeans grown for seed no matter trait, and these purposes won’t management glyphosate-resistant weeds.”

Basic Mills Sued Over Glyphosate Residues

Farmers and meals producers higher begin reconsidering their use of glyphosate throughout preharvest, although, or put together to face authorized penalties. Simply six days after Johnson’s win towards Monsanto, a class-action lawsuit was filed towards Basic Mills in Florida. Based on Meals Navigator-USA:45

“Plaintiff Mounira Doss argued that Basic Mills had an obligation to reveal the presence of glyphosate in Cheerios cereal merchandise, however failed to take action.

At 470 to 530 elements per billion, the degrees of glyphosate Doss alleges have been in Cheerios merchandise examined by the Environmental Working Group in August 2018 are effectively beneath permitted EPA thresholds for glyphosate in grains (set at … 30,000 ppb in grains, cereal group 15).

Nonetheless, Doss argues that ‘Scientific proof reveals that even ultra-low ranges of glyphosate could also be dangerous to human well being,’ and notes that glyphosate just lately joined the Prop 65 record of chemical substances ‘identified to trigger most cancers …’ and was discovered by the Worldwide Company for Analysis on Most cancers (IARC) to be ‘most likely carcinogenic to people.'”

Are Different Desiccants Secure?

Other than the off-label use of glyphosate, two generally used registered desiccants are paraquat and diquat. The query is, are they any safer than glyphosate? Meals shouldn’t be examined for these or different desiccants, and neither has obtained a lot media protection.

Nonetheless, Politico46 identified that the European Meals Security Authority (EFSA) has expressed considerations over diquat, made by Syngenta. Based on Politico, “the Swiss agrichemical big has prevented an EU ban on the product after mounting a marketing campaign to undermine the watchdog’s findings.”

Sound acquainted? They’ve clearly taken a web page proper out of Monsanto’s playbook. Paperwork launched by EFSA to Politico “present the [European] Fee twice withdrew a proposal to take away … diquat from the market after the corporate questioned the methodology behind EFSA’s science.”

Based on EFSA,47 diquat poses extreme dangers to agricultural staff. The chemical has the flexibility to disrupt the human hormonal system, and in some instances “publicity to the product … exceeded acceptable ranges by a number of thousand %.”48 It is also been discovered to disrupt the reproductive cycles of each mammals and birds.

Within the U.S., the Nationwide Institute for Occupational Security and Well being has linked not less than 5 deaths to the chemical, together with hundreds of sicknesses. British analysis49 has additionally discovered diquat is extra prone to trigger Parkinson’s than paraquat — a chemical that is already been banned within the EU for its hyperlink to Parkinson’s.

General, desiccants usually are not essentially a required a part of farming. The harvest can dry naturally, nevertheless it takes longer, and subsequently prices extra. Nonetheless, the query we actually must ask ourselves is: at what value velocity and revenue? Is it actually value poisoning the meals simply to hurry up ripening and drying?

Bayer Harm by but One other Monsanto Mistake

Within the week following Johnson’s verdict, Bayer inventory fell by 18%, evaporating about $14 billion of the corporate’s market worth (a loss equal to 21% of Monsanto’s whole acquisition worth).50 However Roundup toxicity wasn’t the one trigger for the inventory tumble.

Merchants additionally cited mounting lawsuits over dicamba-related crop harm as a driving issue.51 For the third yr in a row, big swaths of land have been destroyed by chemical burns from this poisonous weed killer.

As feared by many critics, any crop that’s not genetically engineered (GE) to be proof against dicamba is severely broken by even small quantities of the herbicide — be it meals crops, gardens or timber; even different GE crops proof against herbicides aside from dicamba shrivel and die in its presence.

Monsanto promised its XtendiMax with VaporGrip system could be much less unstable and fewer liable to drift than older variations, however this seems to be one more Monsanto fantasy. In 2017, 3.6 million acres of non-GE soybeans — a complete of 4 % of all soy grown within the U.S. — have been destroyed by dicamba drift, in response to Reuters.52

As of July 2018, an estimated 1 million acres of nondicamba-resistant crops had been destroyed.53 By 2021, hundreds of farmers had reported their crops broken by dicamba drift as distant as a mile and a half from the dicamba-sprayed fields.54 Owners have additionally reported destruction of timber and personal gardens.

Dicamba-resistant soy was supposed to switch the failed Roundup Prepared line of soy however, in response to Reuters,55 the EPA “is now weighing such complaints as a part of a high-stakes choice on the herbicide’s future.”

With out the XtendiMax system, the dicamba-resistant soy is unlikely to face an opportunity, seeing how older dicamba formulations are strictly regulated and usually are not permitted throughout rising season attributable to their volatility (excessive drift potential).

In June 2020 an appeals court docket revoked the EPA’s 2018 prolonged approval of dicamba, stating that even if farmers who had pre-purchased the product might undergo some monetary losses, the EPA had not offered ample proof to assist the approval.56

“In response, EPA authorized new dicamba licenses with some extra management measures that it asserted met the court docket’s considerations,” Ohio State Information reported. “Now the Biden administration is weighing tips on how to handle dicamba – and none too quickly:”57

“Farmers reportedly are seeing weeds which have developed resistance to dicamba and different herbicides really useful to be used with a brand new technology of genetically engineered seeds. Based on weed specialists, that is taking place exactly as a result of farmers are utilizing such giant portions of those chemical substances in the course of the rising season.”

Both manner, it is value nothing that each Roundup and dicamba have been linked to Non-Hodgkin lymphoma,58 so whether or not we’re rising Roundup Prepared or dicamba-resistant crops, each pose critical well being dangers.

It stays to be seen whether or not EPA will proceed to increase its approval for XtendiMax, take it off the market or implement stricter limits on its use. Both of the latter two choices could be one other deep blow for Bayer, which now owns Monsanto’s portfolio of poisonous flops and failures.

Monsanto-Bayer, as you’d count on, says it is assured EPA will lengthen its approval, but in addition urged seed sellers “to contact [EPA] to precise assist for the product,” Reuters stories — a behind-the-scenes motion that implies they might not be fairly as assured as they declare.

The place to Discover Safer Meals

There’s little doubt that the presence of herbicides and pesticides in meals pose a well being threat, particularly to younger youngsters. To reduce the dangers to your loved ones, take into account shopping for natural produce and licensed grass fed animal merchandise. Because the saying goes, “cash talks,” and to create change, we have now to vote for the agricultural system we would like with our pocketbooks.

Whereas many grocery shops now carry natural meals, it is preferable to supply yours from native growers every time attainable, as a lot of the natural meals bought in grocery shops is imported. For those who dwell within the U.S., the next organizations will help you find farm-fresh meals:

Demeter USA gives a listing of licensed Biodynamic farms and types. This listing may also be discovered on

American Grassfed Affiliation The objective of the American Grassfed Affiliation is to advertise the grass fed trade by means of authorities relations, analysis, idea advertising and public schooling.

Their web site additionally permits you to seek for AGA-approved producers licensed in response to strict requirements that embrace being raised on a eating regimen of 100% forage; raised on pasture and by no means confined to a feedlot; by no means handled with antibiotics or hormones; born and raised on American household farms. gives lists of farmers identified to supply uncooked dairy merchandise in addition to grass fed beef and different farm-fresh produce (though not all are licensed natural). Right here you can even discover details about native farmers markets, in addition to native shops and eating places that promote grass fed merchandise.

Weston A. Worth Basis Weston A. Worth has native chapters in most states, and plenty of of them are linked with shopping for golf equipment in which you’ll be able to simply buy natural meals, together with grass fed uncooked dairy merchandise like milk and butter.

Grassfed Alternate The Grassfed Alternate has a list of producers promoting natural and grass fed meats throughout the U.S.

Native Harvest This web site will enable you discover farmers markets, household farms and different sources of sustainably grown meals in your space the place you should buy produce, grass fed meats and plenty of different goodies.

Farmers Markets A nationwide itemizing of farmers markets.

Eat Effectively Information: Healthful Meals From Wholesome Animals The Eat Effectively Information is a free on-line listing of sustainably raised meat, poultry, dairy and eggs from farms, shops, eating places, inns, inns and on-line shops in the US and Canada.

Neighborhood Concerned in Sustaining Agriculture (CISA) — CISA is devoted to sustaining agriculture and selling the merchandise of small farms.

The Cornucopia Institute The Cornucopia Institute maintains web-based instruments ranking all licensed natural manufacturers of eggs, dairy merchandise and different commodities, primarily based on their moral sourcing and genuine farming practices separating CAFO “natural” manufacturing from genuine natural practices. For those who’re nonetheless not sure of the place to search out uncooked milk, take a look at and They’ll let you know what the standing is for legality in your state, and supply a list of uncooked dairy farms in your space. The Farm to Shopper Authorized Protection Fund59 additionally gives a state-by-state evaluate of uncooked milk legal guidelines.60 California residents can even discover uncooked milk retailers utilizing the shop locator accessible at

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